A Complete Guide on Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

There are so many sexually transmitted infections out there with the Human Papillomavirus being one of them. Usually, they are all transmitted through sexual intercourse.

This article will take you through all there is to know about the Human Papillomavirus. From how its transmitted, treated, and how to prevent it.

The Human papillomavirus(HPV) 

HPV is among the most common sexually transmitted diseases. This virus can cause different health complications if not treated. These health issues are:

  • Genital warts.
  • Cervical cancer.
  • Other cancers.

There are two types of HPV vaccines: 

  1. Gardasil
  2. Cervarix

These vaccines are given in three doses over six months. It is recommended for people who are 11 to 12 years old and people who have not been vaccinated before.

HPV immunization can protect you from a variety of cancers that can be caused by the HPV virus.

Ways in which the Human papillomavirus(HPV) can be transmitted

  • HPV is an STD  that can also be spread through skin-to-skin contact.
  • The most known way to contract HPV is through sexual contact. HPV can be transmitted through vaginal, anal, and also oral sex. 
  • It can also be spread by touching the genital area of an infected person, or by sharing objects that come into contact with the genital area, such as towels or razors.
  • HPV can also be spread by touching an infected person’s genitals and then touching your own genitals (autoinoculation).

HPV Types and Their Severity

Some types of HPV are considered high risk, while others are low risk. 

Low-risk types of HPV are the ones responsible for genital warts and lesions. They can also result in warts which usually resolve on their own in a certain period of time. They may also recur from time to time, but they cannot progress to cancer.

High-risk HPV types are those that cause different types of cancers. Cervical cancer is the most common type of these cancers and is caused by high-risk types of HPV, with other cancers being less common but still possible.

How Common is HPV in Men and Women?

HPV is a common STD and can cause cervical cancer in women and genital warts in both men and women.

The virus is passed through sexual contact, so it’s important to be cautious with your sexual partners. If you have HPV, there are treatments that can help get rid of the virus and prevent it from coming back.

Most Common Symptoms of Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Unlike other sexually transmitted infections, HPV does not usually have symptoms. The only way to know one has it is by running a test, so take care!

The most common symptoms of HPV are genital warts, but they can also include abnormal cervical cells, vaginal discharge, and pain or burning when urinating.

There are over 150 strains of HPV that you might not be aware of, and many of them don’t cause symptoms.

In men, genital warts may be the only symptom of HPV. Women can have any of these symptoms:

Complications from HPV – Can it Cause Cancer?

There is no doubt that the HPV virus can lead to cancer. However, it is important to know the difference between HPV and HSV, as they both have different implications on human health.

The human papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cancer in severe cases. HPV is categorized into high-risk and low-risk types where the high-risk types are more likely to cause cancer than the low-risk types.

The human herpesvirus (HSV) on the other hand does not cause cancer but it can lead to genital warts, which in turn increase your risk of contracting HPV.

Prevention and Treatment for Human Papillomavirus – Is there a Cure or Vaccine?

There are HPV vaccines that help to prevent HPV prior to infections. They can be administered to both boys and girls and research has proved that they are highly effective in preventing cervical cancer. 

Note: Kindly note that the HPV vaccine does not treat existing HPV infections or genital warts.

To prevent HPV infection:

Why is HPV sometimes called “the good guy” when HIV is known as the bad guy? The answer can be confusing.

This article will explore why HPV is sometimes called the good guy, and HIV is known as the bad guy.

The answer can be confusing due to the fact that HPV is a virus, and HIV is not. This may lead people to believe that HPV must be less harmful than HIV, which it isn’t.

Unlike HIV which does not cause cancers, HPV can cause cancer in both men and women.

HIV is spread through contact with body fluids from an infected person. There is no cure for HIV. HPV can be prevented by HPV vaccines but HIV cannot.


A vaccine has been available for the HPV virus since 2006. The vaccine is recommended for all children, but it is also recommended for adults who have not yet been infected with the virus.

It is important to take control of your sexual health by getting a vaccine if you haven’t already or by getting screened regularly so you know if there’s anything wrong before it’s too late.


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