Chlamydia: Symptoms, Treatment, Causes and Prevention

Chlamydia is an STI (sexually transmitted infection)that infects both males and females and occurs when one decides to have unprotected intercourse with someone who has chlamydia.

Chlamydia is a common STI, particularly among sexually active individuals(teens). You may know you have chlamydia if symptoms manifest however some may not even know it until they get tested.

This blog will handle all you may need to know about chlamydia. Causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment.

Common Symptoms of Chlamydia

Symptoms of chlamydia may resemble those of any other STI. Hence why there is need for testing.

Signs and symptoms are as follows;

  • A burning sensation around your genitals while urinating and after.
  • Presence of an abnormal discharge coming out of the vagina or penis
  • You notice pain in the lower abdomen – common in women but might happen to men.
  • Swelling that causes pain in the testicles- for men.

Note: Please note that chlamydia may not have any symptoms at all. Therefore, be vigilant and stop having unprotected intercourse ignorantly and carelessly. Also, schedule regular STI checkups if you are having intercourse.

What Causes Chlamydia

Chlamydia is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which can be transmitted through body fluids (vaginal, anal, or oral sex )with a person with Chlamydia.

There are other ways Chlamydia can be spread, i.e;

  • During birth, to a child, if the mother has chlamydia.

Diagnosis for Chlamydia


To diagnose chlamydia, a healthcare provider will typically collect a sample of bodily fluid (such as urine or vaginal discharge) and test it for the presence of the Chlamydia trachomatis bacteria. This is done through a laboratory test, which may be performed on-site at a clinic or doctor’s office, or sent to an outside laboratory for analysis.

In some cases, a healthcare provider may also perform a physical examination and look for signs of chlamydia, such as discharge or swelling in the genitals.

What are the Available Treatment Options for Chlamydia


Chlamydia is treatable with the right antibiotics. However, the specific type of antibiotic used and how long to use them depends on the stage of chlamydia- how severe is it?

Also, to completely recover, the patient must ensure they follow the doctor’s prescription and finish the entire dosage of prescribed drugs even if the symptoms subside.

During treatment, doctors also advise patients to stop all sexual activities until when they are healed. Some people are not sure whether or not they can still have sex with a UTI/STI.

If treatment is not administered, chlamydia can cause complications such as infertility. Do not assume it, seek medical help. Do not wait for chlamydia or any other STI to go away on its own.

Prevention for Chlamydia

  • The best way to prevent chlamydia or any other STI or UTI is to practice safe sex.
  • Do not have unprotected sexual intercourse with multiple partners.
  • It is also important to get tested for STIs regularly, even if you do not have any symptoms.
  • If you are pregnant and are diagnosed with chlamydia, start treatment immediately about what to do. This will help prevent passing the infection to your baby during vaginal delivery.
  • It is also important to educate yourself about STIs and how to prevent contracting it. This can help you make informed decisions about your sexual health and prevent the spread of chlamydia and other STIs.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is There a Cure for Chlamydia?

Chlamydia can be successfully and completely cured with antibiotics. Just ensure you take the medication as directed by your doctor. Take them on time and ensure you finish the entire dosage to fully recover.

Failure to finish medication with an excuse like, “my symptoms went away, I feel okay” may make the chlamydia to recur.

Although chlamydia can be cured with antibiotics, it is still important to practice safe sex and get tested for STIs regularly to prevent the spread of infection and protect your sexual health.

Can Chlamydia Just Go Away Without Treatment?

Chlamydia will not go away without treatment. If treatment is not administered, chlamydia might become more severe and make you uncomfortable. Not mentioning the health effects. Therefore, it is important to commence treatment immediately after the doctor diagnoses you with chlamydia.

Start treatment even if you are diagnosed with chlamydia but symptoms have not manifested yet.

What Happens if I Don’t Get Treated for Chlamydia?

If chlamydia is not treated, you risk:

  1. Infertility: Chlamydia can cause inflammation in the reproductive organs, which can lead to scarring and blockage of the fallopian tubes in women. When tubes are blocked, fertilization will not occur because there won’t be a way for sperm to go to the egg. In men, chlamydia can cause issues with the testicles, which can also lead to fertility problems.
  2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Chlamydia can spread to the uterus, fallopian tubes, and other reproductive organs, causing PID. PID has been one of the common reasons for infertility.
  3. Increased Risk of HIV: People with chlamydia are more likely to contract HIV if they are exposed to the virus. This is because chlamydia can cause inflammation in the genitals, making it easier for HIV to enter the body.
  4. Eye and Joint Infections: In rare cases, chlamydia can spread to the eyes and cause conjunctivitis (pink eye) or other eye infections. It can also spread to the joints and cause inflammation and pain.

Kindly, seek treatment if you have reasons to believe you may have an STI/Chlamydia. Treatment with antibiotics can help prevent these and other complications.


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