Health

Gonorrhea – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

Gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and HIV are among the common sexually transmitted diseases that affect sexually active people who engage in intercourse with people infected with them.

Gonorrhea is an STI caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can be passed from one individual to the next through sexual contact.

This article will everything you may need to know about Gonorrhea. The causes, symptoms, and treatment.

Things to note about Gonorrhea

No one is immune to Gonorrhea. Once you engage in unprotected coitus with an infected person, you are susceptible to infection. Gonorrhea affects both males and females.

In men, gonorrhea can affect the urethra, the rectum, and the throat. In women, it can also affect the urethra, the rectum, the throat, and the cervix (the opening to the uterus).

1. Gonorrhea symptoms in men

Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea

Symptoms of Gonorrhea in men manifest depending on the kind of sex involved in. If you had oral sex then symptoms will show in the mouth and throat. However, if you had anal or vaginal sex, symptoms will manifest in the penis, testicles, etc.

  • Here are seven common symptoms of gonorrhea for males:
  • Having an uncomfortable burning sensation during urination
  • Noticing that there is discharge coming out of the penis(yellow or green in color).
  • Painful swelling in the testicles
  • An uncomfortable itching or burning feeling in the genital area
  • A smelly discharge from the rectum (in the case of rectal gonorrhea)
  • Having severe sore throat (in the case of oral gonorrhea)
  • Swelling in the groin area(the lymph nodes).

Make an appointment with a qualified doctor for testing and treatment if you have any of the symptoms listed above. To stop the spread of gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted infections, always use safe sex and get checked frequently.

2. Gonorrhea Symptoms in women

Gonorrhea
Gonorrhea

Women will also experience certain symptoms if they contract Gonorrhea. Here are ten possible symptoms of gonorrhea in females:

  • Burning sensation in the vaginal area while peeing.
  • An intense yellow or green vaginal discharge.
  • Severe pain due to abdominal swelling.
  • Some women experience bleeding between periods or after sexual intercourse
  • Noticing that you now have painful intercourse
  • A smelly and intense discharge from the rectum (in the case of rectal gonorrhea)
  • Severe sore throat for those who engage in oral sex( oral gonorrhea)
  • Swelling in the groin area(the lymph nodes)
  • Fever
  • Itching or burning in the genital area

Ensure you schedule an appointment with a gynecologist for testing and treatment if you experience any of the symptoms listed above.

Diagnosis for gonorrhea

The diagnosis of gonorrhea is usually made through a laboratory test of urine or sometimes the discharge from the infected area. This sample is then inspected for any bacteria that cause gonorrhea in the lab.

In some cases, a doctor may also perform a physical examination and interview you on your sexual history and symptoms through questions.

Answer the questions truthfully as that may help the doctor determine if you have gonorrhea and if any other tests or treatments are necessary.

From there, treatment commences.

Treatment for gonorrhea

The recommended treatment for gonorrhea includes antibiotics to kill the bacteria causing it.

Based on the severity, the doctor will prescribe one or a combination of two different antibiotics to ensure that the infection is fully treated.

Kindly, ensure that you finish the whole prescription even if you are relieved of the pain and symptoms you initially had.

During treatment, refrain from sexual activities to speed up recovery. Talk to your partner to also get tested and start treatment. This will help to prevent reinfection.

If you are diagnosed with gonorrhea, do not delay treatment with the hope that it will go away on its own. Start the necessary treatment to avoid serious health problems that may occur due to lack of treatment such as infertility.

Gonorrhea complications for men and women

If gonorrhea is not treated, there is a high chance of leading to serious health problems in both men and women.

In men, complications may include;

  • Inflammed prostate gland (prostatitis).
  • Inflamed epididymitis (inflammation of the ducts that carry sperm).

These conditions usually cause pain, fever, and difficulty urinating.

In women, complications may include;

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which results in pain(urinating, sex), fever, and abnormal vaginal discharge. PID can also lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain.

In both genders, gonorrhea increases the risk of HIV.

The good news is that you can prevent the spread of gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted infections by practicing safe sex.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if gonorrhea is left untreated?

If treatment for gonorrhea is not done, it can spread to other parts of the body and cause serious health problems like infertility, and increased risk of HIV infection.

Practice safe sex and schedule regular STD tests to be safe

Is Gonorrhea curable?

With the right medication, following the prescription, and finishing the dosage as prescribed by the doctor, gonorrhea is very curable.

The recommended treatment for gonorrhea is antibiotics, which must kill the bacteria causing the infection to guarantee full recovery

However, beware that some strains of gonorrhea have become resistant to some antibiotics. This simply means that the infection may not be fully eliminated even after treatment with antibiotics. In these cases, additional treatment or different antibiotics may be suggested.

How long does gonorrhea last?

How long gonorrhea lasts depends on the individual and the rigor of the infection. In most cases, symptoms of gonorrhea appear within 2days to a week or two after exposure to the infection. However, some people may not develop symptoms for many weeks or months after exposure.

If you have gonorrhea, start treatment ASAP. This will help prevent the spread of the infection.

How did I get gonorrhea if my partner doesn’t have it?

It is possible to contract gonorrhea even if your partner does not have it. This can occur for several reasons like;

Some people do not have any symptoms. This is called an asymptomatic infection. People with asymptomatic gonorrhea may not know that they have the infection and can spread it to others through sexual contact.

Second, gonorrhea can be transmitted through sexual contact with someone who has been infected with the bacteria, even if they do not have symptoms at the time of contact. This is because the bacteria can live in the body for a period of time before causing symptoms.

Finally, it is also possible to contract gonorrhea from someone who has been infected with a strain of bacteria that is resistant to antibiotics. In these cases, the infection may not have been fully eliminated even after treatment with antibiotics.

 

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