Premenstrual syndrome are those many symptoms that usually occur to women few days before the start of their menstruation. Not all women actually experience PMS but most of them do. Just like menstruation pain(cramps), PMS is different of every woman. Some women’s PMS is very painful while it is less painful for others.
Some of the common PreMenstrual syndrome symptoms include tender breasts, acne, bloating, mood swings, depression, body pains(lower back, cramps), diarrhoea and depression among others. These symptoms are divided into 3: physical, emotional and behavioural.
This post is going to take you through different premenstrual symptoms, the causes of these PMS symptoms and when to see a doctor in case of severity.
Causes of premenstrual syndrome symptoms
There is yet no known cause for Premenstrual syndrome symptoms. However, some research states that these symptoms may be caused by hormonal changes in the woman’s body, depression and serotonin changes in the brain.
The human body goes through so many chemical and hormonal changes. For women, their hormones tend to change throughout their entire menstruation cycle; hence the reason why they could experience these physical, emotional and behavioural changes referred to as PMS.
These premenstrual symptoms change throughout your life. You may experience a couple of them one month and only experience one the next month.
Physical premenstrual syndrome symptoms.
Physical premenstrual syndrome symptoms are those that are noticeable by the eye or those felt by the body. They include:
- Acne- Usually on the face: forehead, cheeks and lips.
- Breast tenderness and pain- a few days before your periods.
- Backaches and lower abdominal pain.
- Diarrhoea and bloated stomach.
- Muscle and joint pains or weakness.
Emotional premenstrual syndrome symptoms
- Mood swings.
- Crying sprees.
- Tension mood.
- Depressive and stressed mood.
Behavioural premenstrual syndrome symptoms
- Disinterest in sexual activities.
- Crying at little things.
- Loss of appetite.
- Lack of sleep.
- Unusual food craving.
- Being clumsy.
Note: The fact that you experience these PMS symptoms does not mean that they will always be present and the same at all times. They might be present this month and be absent the next or severe this month and mild the next.
Visit a doctor if:
- The symptoms are too severe such that they affect your daily activities.
Premenstrual syndrome shows up a few days to every period. Usually, they are sometimes confused with pregnancy symptoms. They might be very unbearable or less painful but usually, disappear as soon as you start menstruating. If you have never experienced these symptoms, you will not understand. If you go through it, do not worry because you are not alone; just stay strong. Feel free to comment about your PMS experiences.